Types of Diabetes
Diabetes is classified into three types: type 1, 2, and gestational.
This type can appear at any age, but it is most common in children and adolescents. With type 1 diabetes, your body produces very little or no insulin, necessitating daily injections to keep blood glucose levels under control.
This type of diabetes is more common in adults and accounts for approximately 90% of all diabetes cases. When you have type 2, your body does not properly utilize the insulin it produces. A healthy lifestyle, including increased physical activity and a nutritious diet, is the cornerstone of type 2 diabetes treatment. However, most people with type 2 diabetes will eventually require oral medications and insulin to control their blood glucose levels.
This is a type of diabetes characterized by high blood glucose levels during pregnancy and is linked to both mother and child complications. GDM usually goes away after pregnancy, but women who have it and their children are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Symptoms of diabetes
Uncontrolled diabetes symptoms include:
- Extreme thirst and hunger
- Drowsiness or fatigue from frequent urination
- Dry, itchy skin
- Blurry vision
- Slow wound healing
Type 2 diabetes can cause discolored patches of skin in the armpits and neck folds. Because type 2 diabetes takes longer to diagnose, you may experience more symptoms at the time of diagnosis, such as foot pain or numbness.
Type 1 diabetes typically develops more quickly and can result in symptoms such as weight loss or a condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis can occur when your blood sugar is extremely high, but your body has little or no insulin.
Diabetes symptoms can appear at any age, but type 1 diabetes typically affects children and young adults.
Type 2 diabetes is most common in people over the age of 45. However, younger people are increasingly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes due to sedentary lifestyles and increased weight.