Knee Pain

Knee pain is a common ailment that can affect individuals of all ages. Various factors, including injury, arthritis, and overuse, can cause it. The pain can range from mild discomfort to severe and debilitating. The location of the pain can also vary, with some experiencing pain in the front of the knee, while others may feel pain in the back or sides. To effectively manage knee pain, it is important to understand the cause and seek appropriate treatment.


Causes of knee pain

There are many possible causes of knee pain. Some of the most common include:

  • Injuries: Knee injuries such as sprains, strains, or tears in the ligaments or tendons can cause pain and instability. Fractures or dislocations of the knee bone can also cause pain.
  • Arthritis: Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are common causes of knee pain. These conditions cause inflammation and wear and tear on the joint, leading to pain and stiffness.
  • Overuse: Repetitive motions, such as running or cycling, can cause inflammation and pain in the knee.
  • Bursitis: Inflammation of the bursa (small fluid-filled sac) that sits between the knee joint and the skin can cause pain and swelling.
  • Gout: Gout is arthritis caused by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joint. It can cause sudden and severe pain in the knee.
  • Tendinitis: Inflammation of the tendons around the knee can cause pain, especially when moving the knee or bearing weight.
  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: Pain around and under the kneecap caused by the misalignment of the kneecap or overuse.
  • Meniscal Tears: Tears in the C-shaped cartilage of the knee can cause pain, swelling, and stiffness.
  • Baker's Cyst is a fluid-filled cyst that can develop behind the knee, caused by joint inflammation or injury, and cause pain and swelling.

What Does a Knee Injury Feel Like?

A knee injury can cause various symptoms, depending on the type and severity of the injury. Some common symptoms of a knee injury include:

  • Pain: The most obvious symptom of a knee injury is pain. The pain may be a dull ache or a sharp, stabbing sensation. It can be localized to a specific knee area or felt throughout the joint.
  • Swelling: Injuries to the knee can cause inflammation and swelling, making the joint feel warm and tender to the touch.
  • Stiffness: After a knee injury, the joint may feel stiff and difficult to move. This can make it difficult to bend or straighten the knee.
  • Instability: Injuries to the ligaments or tendons can cause the knee to feel unstable or give way when bearing weight.
  • Bruising: Injuries that cause bleeding, such as fractures or dislocation, can cause bruising and discoloration around the knee.
  • Locking or popping: injuries to the meniscus or cartilage can cause the knee to lock or pop when moving.
  • Weakness: injuries that affect the muscles or ligaments around the knee can cause weakness or muscle fatigue.

Risk factors of knee pain

Several risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing knee pain, including:

  • Age: As we age, the risk of developing knee pain and arthritis increases. The wear and tear on the joint over time can cause inflammation and pain.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese can put extra stress on the knee joint, increasing the risk of knee pain and osteoarthritis.
  • Occupation: People with jobs involving a lot of kneeling, climbing, or heavy lifting are at a higher risk of knee pain.
  • Sports and physical activity: Certain sports and activities involving a lot of jumping, running, or twisting can put extra stress on the knee and increase the risk of injury.
  • Genetics: Some people may have a genetic predisposition to developing knee problems, such as arthritis or ligament injuries.
  • Previous injury: A prior knee injury can increase the risk of developing knee pain or reinjuring the knee in the future.
  • Chronic diseases: Certain chronic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, can increase the risk of knee pain.
  • Inflammatory conditions: conditions such as gout and psoriasis can increase the risk of knee pain and inflammation.

How to prevent knee pain

There are several ways to help prevent knee pain, including:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese can put extra stress on the knee joint, so maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk of knee pain.
  • Stretching and strengthening exercises: Regular exercises, such as walking, cycling, or swimming, can help keep the muscles and joints in the knee healthy. It is also essential to do stretching and strengthening exercises for the muscles around the knee, such as the quadriceps and hamstrings.
  • Proper form and technique: when performing exercises or activities that stress the knee, it's essential to use an appropriate form and technique to reduce the risk of injury.
  • Wearing the right shoes: Wearing shoes that fit well and have good support can help reduce the stress on the knee joint.
  • Avoiding high-impact activities: High-impact activities such as running or jumping can put extra stress on the knee joint, so it's essential to prevent or limit these activities if you're at risk for knee pain.
  • Using a knee brace: if you have a previous knee injury or a chronic knee condition, a knee brace can help support the joint and reduce the risk of further injury.
  • Rest: it's essential to rest and take breaks when you feel pain or discomfort in your knee. This can help reduce the risk of further injury.
  • Consult with a healthcare professional: If you are experiencing knee pain or have a chronic knee condition, you must consult with a healthcare professional to develop an appropriate treatment plan.

How to treat Knee pain?

There are various treatments that will be applicable to knee pain. However, everyone is different. Therefore we will work with you to develop the most suitable treatment plan for you, to help you get back up and running.

  • Orthotics is used as a treatment when knee pain arises from a biomechanical perspective.
  • Offloading and orthotic management can redistribute pressures affecting knee, hip, and back pain.

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