Orthotics are orthopaedic devices that are used to alter or modified foot function and are designed to treat, adjust and support various biomechanical foot disorders.
The most effective orthotics are custom-made devices that are crafted to meet the specific needs of a particular individual. Custom orthotics are created using an impression of the foot called a cast, which duplicates any misalignments in foot structure. Using the cast and computer technology, technicians in an orthotic laboratory design a device that balances out deformities and corrects misalignments.
The finished orthotic is placed in the patient's shoe to support the foot and eliminate abnormal foot biomechanics by keeping the foot properly aligned. Depending on the patient's needs, the orthotic may have padding to cushion and make it more comfortable.
Orthotics help provide support and adjust foot posture to re-distribute plantar pressures, hence reducing stress on certain foot structures.
What can it treat?